Czech Republic Travel Guide a Central European Country

Basics about the Czech Republic

In April 2016, the Czech Parliament passed a decision on changing the country’s name to Czechia. Although the decision has not yet been formalized, the country’s Foreign Minister Lubomir Zaoralek announced that the necessary applications will be made to the United Nations.

The Czech Republic, a Central European country, consists of the Regions of Bohemia and Marovya, which are separated from the west to the east, and are part of the larger Silesya region. The country’s largest city, with a total of 14 provinces, is also the capital city of Prague. It is the second largest atheist population in Europe. On average, 60 of the society has no religious faith. For this reason, churches and monasteries are located in concert halls, museums and similar areas.

The country’s world-renowned products are crystal, glass processing and granatestone. Beer is also one of the most important symbols of the country. The Czech Republic is the country with the highest per capita beer consumption of Europe. Art has an important place in the lives of the Czech people. The people of Bohemia are particularly well known for their fondness for music. In a country where education is compulsory and unpaid between the ages of 6 and 15, the proportion of literacy people is 99%.

The Capital, Regions and Cities of the Czech Republic

The Czech Republic consists of the Bohemia and Marovya regions, which are divided from west to east, and are part of the larger Silesya region. In the country with 14 provinces, each province has its own assembly. Its capital and largest city is Prague. Other major cities include Brno, Ostrava, Pilsen, Olomuts and Liberec.

Where is the Czech Republic?

The neighbouring countries of the Czech Republic in Central Europe form Poland in the north, western and northwest Germany, Austria to the south and Slovakia to the east. The country has no seafront.

Languages Spoken in the Czech Republic

His official language is Czech. The country, which makes up 94.2% of its population, is Slovak with 1.9% speaking of its own languages and 0.4% german.

Religion and Faith in the Czech Republic

The Czech Republic has one of the least religious peoples in the world. It is the country with the largest atheist population within the European Union with a rate of 60% after Estonia. There are a few Catholic and Protestant people in the country.

Short History of the Czech Republic

History 5. Dating back to the 19th century, this country has underthe auspices of the Roman Germanic Empire, Hamburglar, Austro-Hungarian Empire. After the fall of the Austro-Hungarian empire as a result of the First World War, the Czech and Slovak nations united under the name of Czechoslovakia and declared their independence. After World War II, Czechoslovakia was under Soviet influence.

After the collapse of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the country was divided into czech and Slovak republics on January 1, 1993, in a decision by the Czechoslovakian Parliament. The Czech Republic entered NATO on 12 March 1999 and the European Union on 1 May 2004.

When to get to the Czech Republic?

Extreme temperature differences are observed in the country, which has a temperate terrestrial climate. Since winters are quite harsh and are usually snowy, it is not recommended to go to the country in winter. The most suitable period for touring the country where summer is cool is Between May and September.

How to get to the Czech Republic?

Air transport to the Czech Republic is available from Vienna or Prague airports. Vienna Airport is located 130 km from Brno and 300 km from Prague.

Since there is no sea in the Czech Republic, it is not possible to reach by sea.

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Climate and Weather in the Czech Republic

The temperature difference in summer and winter is high due to the fact that the Czech Republic is not a seafront. As the summer months pass in the cool, the harsh temperatures prevail in winter, and rainfall is usually seen in the form of snow. The climate is quite diverse due to the distribution of mountains. Temperatures generally decrease in high altitude places and precipitation increases. Summers are cooler while winters in the mountains are colder than low zones. The amount of precipitation in low-height areas is around 1000 mm, while in areas with high mountains, this amount is around 1500 mm. The coldest months are January, February and December. The warmest months of the year are July, August and June, as temperatures rise rapidly in April.

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The Economy of the Czech Republic

The Czech Republic has an economy developed according to the EU average and high income based on per capita income. The country, which has an industrial-based economy in general, produces its own cars, trams and subways. The Czech Republic is the 5th largest in Europe. is a manufacturer of cars. The yield has decreased since the transition to collective agriculture in the production of agricultural products, so the country has had to import food products. Poultry is most concentrated in the country, which is widely livestock. In a country where small head livestock is not common, large head livestock is quite common. Tourism in the country’s economy is also an important source of income.


In the industrial field, products from forests covering 30 percent of the country are very important. These products meet the needs of the country and more are exported. Since the mines produced in the country do not meet the need, significantly mining is imported. Although iron is a significant part of these mines, the country is one of the most important steel producers. Its main trading partners are Germany, Slovakia, Poland, Austria, China, France and Russia. The Czech Republic meets a large part of the needs of countries with machinery, chemical materials, weapons, textile products. The country’s globally recognized products are crystal, glass processing and granatestone. In addition, transactions in banking, telecommunications and energy privatization contribute to foreign investors. The country’s unemployment rate is 4.1 percent. At this rate, the Czech Republic has the lowest unemployment rate in the European Union.

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Czech Republic Culture

The Czech Republic is generally a safe and low crime rate. There is no tolerance for rules in the country. Especially when driving on a motor vehicle while intoxicated and violating traffic rules, the penalty is severe. Smoking indoors is legal. However, some restaurants also have non-smoking sections. Drug use is legal at the specified limits.

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Czech Kitchen

Meat dishes are common in Czech cuisine. Beef and chicken are also popular, especially pork. Restaurants around the country also offer hunting products such as geese, ducks and rabbits. Soups in Czech kitchen have a very important place. Lunch and dinner includes Bramboracka soup, mainly mainly potato and mixed vegetables.

One of the traditional dishes of Czech cuisine is Pork Ribs. This dish, which is usually cooked in woodfire and served with a small amount of salad, is thought to be the tastiest part of pork. The traditional Bohemia Platter is a giant grill plate with a variety of dishes, fried duck, pork called the Moravian Sparrow, smoked meat, pork sausage, red and white cabbage, and plenty of potatoes. Another dish is the Garlic Sauce and Creamed Bohemia Plate. This dish also includes homemade sausage and pork back meat served with sour garlic sauce and cream sauce. Served with coleslaw and olive oil, Goose Leg, Roasted Pork Leg in embers, Pork Steak served with onions, potatoes and cabbage, rabbit meal served with spinach with smoked pork and garlic. The food that the Czech people and tourists consume the most is the Fried Duck. One of the most important features of Czech cuisine is that all meals are served next to the bread called Knedliky. Heavy sauces and pork are widely used.

The first drink that comes to mind in the kitchen of the Czech Republic, the home of pilsener-style beer, is of course beer. It is also referred to as the country that produces the world’s finest beaves. The local drink is very popular with cinnamon liqueurs called Becherovka, while other Czech beers include Gambrinus, Staropramen, Krusovice, Radegast and Velkopopovicky Kozel.

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Festivals of the Czech Republic

One of the most important festivals in the country is the Czech Beer Festival, where more than 70 varieties of beer have an important place in both the country’s production and culture. Considered one of europe’s most important gastronomic events, The Czech Beer Festival features colorful images with a variety of music performances and performances, as well as waiters serving wearing traditional clothes. The festival is held every year in May. The festival, which also features brewers as well as butchers, cooks and restaurants, also has its own currency called “Tolar”. Participants use this money to buy food and drink during the festival.

The Colours of Ostrava, held annually in The City of Ostrava in July, is one of the country’s most important festivals. The festival, which is held in an area of old high ovens, mines and iron mills, features many musical genres. The festival has been held since 2002.

Brno International Floklore Festival has been organized since the end of August since the beginning of September since 1990. Every year, the festival gives concerts by many artists from different parts of the Czech Republic and the world.

Early Music Festival is a festival that takes place in July with distinguished music groups with works of Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque and classical periods. The festival, which includes many musicians from abroad as well as the Czech Republic, also includes ethnic and alternative music concerts, dance performances, workshops and exhibitions.

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Gifts to be Received in the Czech Republic

Undoubtedly, they will be the most important gift in the Czech Republic, a country where historical Bohemian Crystals are produced. Puppetry, which is very common in Prague, can be another gift option to buy. Other choices are wooden toys, cinnamon liqueur called Becherovka, textiles and cosmetics, the most famous garnet and products made of amber.

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Czech Republic Holidays / Holidays / Special Days

  • New Year (January 1)
  • Easter (March / April – celebrated each year at different times)
  • May 1 Labor Day (May 1)
  • Czech Independence Day (8 May)
  • St. Cyril and St. Methodius Day (July 5)
  • Memorial Day of the Christian Reformist Jan Hus (July 6)
  • Czech Nationalization Day (September 28)
  • Foundation Day of the Independent Czechoslovak State (28 October)
  • Struggle Day for Freedom and Democracy (17 November)
  • Christmas Holiday (24-25-26 December)

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