Basic Information of Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda are located in the east of the Caribbean Sea. It is an independent island country located in the Lesser Antilles island group. The total area of the two islands is 440 square kilometers. Its capital city is St. John’s. The majority of the population lives here. Although their population is small, All Saints, Liberta, Bolands or Potters Village are among the important cities.
The official language of the people and the country who lived as a British colony for many years is English. However, they speak with a distinctive accent. 3/4 of the country’s population is Protestant.
According to researches, life in Antigua and Barbuda BC. It is stated that it dates back to the 2400’s. Christopher Columbus went to Antigua on his second trip in 1493 and named the island Antigua after the church of Santa Maria de la Antigua in Spain. The country, which became a British colony in 1632, declared its independence in 1981.
The islands between the Tropic of Cancer and Ecuador have a tropical climate. However, the climate is drier than other islands in the Lesser Antilles. However, the average annual precipitation does not fall below 1,000 millimeters. The rainy season is between May and November. Cool winds blowing from the northeast soften the tropical climate to some extent. Therefore, in summer, the highest temperature does not exceed 32 degrees. There are no serious temperature differences between summer and winter.
The coasts of the island of Antigua are very indented and protruding. St. The sea is deep in St. John’s harbor. Volcanic cliffs and 405-meter Boggy Peak are located in the west of the island, where the altitude of most of it is quite low. The absence of mountains and forests in Antigua distinguishes the island from the other Leeward Islands. Although it receives 1000 millimeters of rainfall per year, there is a drought because the island does not have streams and sufficient natural water resources.
Barbuda is 40 kilometers north of Antigua. It is a flat and wooded coral island. The height of Mount Obama in the northeast is 44 meters. The island with no streams receives less rainfall than Antigua. Codrington, the only residential area to the west, lies on the shore of a lagoon.
The service sector has developed in Antigua and Barbuda, which do not have natural resources. Tourism and financial services, particularly off-shore banking, are provided. Tourism is the main source of income and 60 percent of the gross national product is obtained from tourism.
The Capital, Cities and Regions of Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda is an independent island nation in the Lesser Antilles island group. It consists of two large islands and various islets that give the country its name. Its capital is St. Is John’s’. The majority of the population lives here. Other important cities are: All Saints, Liberta, Bolands, Potters Village, Parham, Carlisle, Cedar Crove, Swetes, Codrington.
Where is Antigua and Barbuda?
Antigua and Barbuda are located in the east of the Caribbean Sea. It is an independent island country located in the Lesser Antilles island group.
Languages Spoken in Antigua and Barbuda
The official language of Antigua and Barbuda is English. However, many people living in the country also speak the native language of Antigua. Spanish speaking people are also available in the country.
Religion and Faith in Antigua and Barbuda
3/4 of the country’s population is Protestant. 1/3 of these are Anglican. Catholics, Methodists and members of the Moravian church are also found on the island.
A Brief History of Antigua and Barbuda
In 1678 Barbuda also became a British colony. The monarch gave the island to the Codrington family in 1685. The island was planned as a slave-raising center, but this plan was not realized. Because the slaves who were placed here started to live by establishing their own order. The abolition of slavery in 1834 put sugar production in trouble. The earthquake of 1843 and the hurricane of 1847 caused the economy of the islands to deteriorate. At the end of the 19th century, Barbuda was handed over to the royal court again, and over time it was completely annexed to Antigua. In 1956 the colony of the Leeward Islands was disbanded and in 1958 Antigua joined the West Indian Federation. This federation was disbanded in 1962, and in 1967 the UK government passed the West Indian Act of 1967 granting Antigua independence in internal affairs. The United Kingdom was responsible for Foreign Affairs and defense.
The full independence movement, which was initiated in the 1970s under the leadership of prime minister George Walter, resulted in the independence of Antigua and Barbuda in 1981. Vere Bird was elected the first prime minister of the independent state. The country has joined the organization of the United Nations, the British Le ague of Nations and the Eastern Caribbean States. Bird, which by far won the 1984 and 1989 elections, maintained tight control over the country’s administration.
Antigua and Barbuda is a constitutional monarchy. The Ruler of the United Kingdom is the nominal ruler of Antigua and Barbuda and is represented by a governor general in the country. Executive power is in the council of ministers led by the prime minister.
When to Go to Antigua and Barbuda?
There are no serious temperature differences between summer and winter in Antigua and Barbuda. This difference is around 10 degrees at most. Even in January, the coldest month of the year, temperatures of 25-30 degrees can be seen. For this reason, no matter which month you go, there will be sunny days.
How to Get to Antigua and Barbuda
St. John’s has an international airport. You can reach the country with a single transfer by flying from London to Antigua. If there is no single transfer, you can go to Toronto from big cities such as Munich, Frankfurt and Paris, and from here, the capital of Antigua and Barbuda, St. You can reach John’s.
Climate and Weather in Antigua and Barbuda
The islands between the Tropic of Cancer and Ecuador have a tropical climate. However, the climate is drier than other islands in the Lesser Antilles. However, the average annual precipitation does not fall below 1,000 millimeters. The rainy season is between May and November. Cool winds blowing from the northeast soften the tropical climate to some extent. Therefore, in summer, the highest temperature does not exceed 32 degrees. Frequent tropical hurricanes and earthquakes cause loss of life and property.
Economy of Antigua and Barbuda
The service sector has developed in Antigua and Barbuda, which do not have natural resources: Tourism and financial services, especially coastal (off-shore banking). Tourism is the main source of income and 60% of the gross national product is obtained from tourism. 40 percent of direct foreign investments in the country are made in the tourism sector. The agriculture and manufacturing industry is for small scale and mostly domestic consumption.
Antigua and Barbuda is also an important flag country in the shipping industry. 1,146 merchant ships are registered. 1,113 of these belong to foreigners.
In the past, the large amount of sugar produced in Antigua is produced almost negligible today. Sugar has never been produced on the island of Barbuda. The people of the island are engaged in fishing and self-sufficient agriculture. The traditional land ownership system on the island is under threat from tourist development.
Various fruits and vegetables are grown in the country, primarily citrus fruits, mangoes and eggplants. Production plays a small role in the economy. In addition to the processing of agricultural products, various textile products and concrete blocks are produced. St. John’s has an international airport.
Antigua and Barbuda Culture
Historical links with Great Britain make British culture dominant in social and cultural life. For example, cricket is an important sport for this country, and many famous athletes came out of this country.
The literacy level in the country is high. 90 percent of the population is literate. Family and religion have an important place for the people of the country. Most people visit churches on Sundays.
Antigua and Barbuda Cuisine
Antigua and Barbuda dishes have been mostly influenced by Caribbean cuisine. Little British influence is also seen. Its prominent food is “fungie”; It is made by boiling coarse-grained corn flour. Ducana, a type of pastry made from sweet potatoes, also consume spicy rice, salty fish and lobster.
Salted fish, eggs, eggplant and lettuce are consumed for breakfast. For lunch and dinner, they prefer rice, pasta, salad or vegetable dishes. From time to time, fish, red meat, chicken or pork are also consumed.
Festivals of Antigua and Barbuda
If you like seafood, you shouldn’t miss the “Seafood Festival” held in April every year. In addition to fishing competitions, many activities such as concerts are held.
More than 200 boats now participate in the “Antigua Sailing Week”, in which only 10 boats participated in 1967, when it was first built. It is held at the end of April and the beginning of May.
Carnival is one of the most important events in the country. As in many Caribbean countries, the 10-day celebrations include parties, parades and various events.
A festival is also organized for cricket, one of the country’s most important sports. Players from all over the world participate in the four-day events in November every year.
Souvenirs to Buy from Antigua and Barbuda
Of course, shopping is an important area for Antigua and Barbuda, which is a tourism region. There are dozens of Duty-Free stores especially for those who will come by cruise ships. Tobacco, alcohol, and jewelry items are the best selling items.
Apart from that, if you are looking for special products, you can buy local pottery, wicker products, jewelry made with island stones or local clothing.
Holidays / Holidays / Important Days in Antigua and Barbuda
- New Year (January 1)
- Good friday
- Labor Day (May 1)
- Independence Day (November 1)
- National Heroes Day (9 December)
- Christmas (25-26-27 December)